Mozambique Office
Av. Tomás Nduda, 1313
Caixa Postal 3694
Maputo – Mozambique

Phone. (00 258) 21 49 12 31
Fax. (00 258) 21 49 02 86

FES Maputo

30 Anos em Mocambique

Historical overview of FES Maputo

The Friedrich Ebert Foundation has been present in Maputo since 1984. At the beginning, the focus of its work was on supporting economic modernisation and the cautious process of political liberalisation initiated by the FRELIMO government through targeted consulting and seminar programmes.

The government began a comprehensive reform of the political system in the 1990s which included a revision of the Constitution, the establishment of pluralistic structures and an elevated role for Parliament. The FES supported this process of reform in the form of numerous activities relating to measures such as reform of the Constitution, the establishment of new rule-of-law structures and the construction of a market economy system.

In the wake of the civil war and the signing of the Treaty of Rome, the focus of FES work turned to measures aimed at helping shape the process of transition between the conclusion of the peace agreement and the first multi-party elections. The FES received special funds from the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the European Union to support civic and voter education programmes.

Cooperation with the trade unions, which had commenced before this time, was continued with new topics such as promotion of women and environmental policy being addressed in cooperation with non-government organisations.

There was a great need at various political levels for measures encouraging understanding and reconciliation in order to consolidate the process of democratisation following the 1994 elections.

The FES made important contributions here in the guise of a wide-ranging package of measures. Thus, for example, acceptance and the ability to implement democratic modes of procedure were encouraged in discussion and event forums staged for political parties, non-governmental organisations, trade unions and other societal actors. At the same time, the functioning of key political institutions - Parliament, parliamentary party groups, parliamentary committees and political parties - was strengthened by means of targeted consulting and promotional programmes.

The institutional strengthening of the OTM-CS and support for its regional and international cooperation were at the heart of cooperation with trade unions. It was along these lines that important topics were addressed at the level of the SADC states, e.g. migrant labour, free-trade zones or multinational enterprises. Upon the founding of the second trade union umbrella organisation, CONSILMO, in 1991, the FES supported the establishment of a concerted forum to consolidate and secure representation of the interests of employees. Cooperation with the Women's Committees of the umbrella organisations has been continuously gaining in importance since 1997: joint activities seek to provide further training and education to trade union members and above all to help elaborate gender policy within the umbrella organisations and the individual trade unions.

In the area of decentralisation, the Foundation concentrated on the analysis of experience and problems in local self-administration and local economic development after local elections in 1998, in the run-up to which the FES carried out wide-ranging programmes aimed at informing voters.

While the task in the preceding period was above all the consolidation of the peace process and social reconciliation between the two former opposing parties in the civil war, the establishment of democratic institutions and the establishment of a market economy system, since the end of the 1990s the accent of project work has been shifted to the consolidation of the democratic system.